Land: Türkische Republik
Koordinaten: 36°54′N 30°41′E
Bürgermeister: Menderes Turel
Population: 2.158.265 people
Zeitzone: EET (UTC +2), Sommer EEST (UTC +3)
Vorwahl: +90 242
Antalya was founded by Attalos the 2nd , a King of Pergamum in 159 B.C., who ordered his men to find him a paradise, and the city was also named Attaleia after him.This city is a cross-road of ancient Pamphilia, Psidia and Lycia and was established in the most fertile geography of Anatolia. Antalya has been the centre of culture, art, architecture and mythology throughout it’s history. With it’s nature made up of dark blue seas, spectacular Taurus mountains, fervent waterfalls, boulevards lined with palm trees, award winning marina and world known holliday villages is what makes Antalya the capital of Tourism.Every year millions of tourists from all over the world visiting Antalya for it’s beauty also benefit from the Antalya Airport with it’s modern building , latest technology and service provided.Antalya, with it’s faultless beautiful beaches is andther main attraction by the millions of tourists that visit every year.The clean and beautiful beaches of Antalya, where natures colours blue and green unite, is what makes the areas beaches blue flag.
Besides all these natural beauties, Belek, with it’s International standard Golf courses is well on the way in becoming Europe’s biggest golf centre.Another reason which has made Antalya the centre of attention in world tourism is it’s climate, high quality standards in hotels and the fast increase in football tourism.The football fields in the Belek, Kundu, Manavgat and Kemer regions host over a 1000 national and international football teams who come here for camp.Antalya is also host to congresses and conferences held by many famous companies in different fields from all over the world.In addition Anfaş is one of the known exhibition centers both Turkey and Europe with succcesfully organized national and internatonal activities. With it’s traditional architecture the picturesque old city of kaleiçi, with it’s narrow winding streets and wooden houses abut the ancient city walls.
The Hıdırlık Tower constucted in the 2nd century AD, the Kesik Minaret Mosque and the Hadrians Gate which was built in the honour of Emperor Hadrian 130 AD is still today with all it’s beauty a main attraction.The Antalya Archeology Museum, with artifacts from the Paleolithic to the Ottoman period displays the areas rich history.One of the most important ancient sites of the Serik county and one that takes it’s place on the top list in the Archelogical world is Aspendos.The 2000 year old Aspendos theatre with it’s magnificent acoustics, natural beauty and art which has no barriers in language, religion or race, opens it’s arms to visitors from all over the world at the Aspendos İnternational Opera and Ballet festival held every year.
The first steps in the organization of the Antalya Golden Orange Festival were taken in the mid 1950’s.The Golden Orange Film Festival, held every year, which gives great importance to art and artists with the addition of the Eurasia Film Festival has proven it’s quality. The festival also unites the audience with famous celebrities both from Turkey and abroad.The church, the synagogue and the mosque are found together in the same garden is called the Garden of Religions and is one of the most interesting parts of Belek. This garden that allows the members of three big religions of the world to pray together at the same place and time has an important message to the world in matters of universal peace and ethics.In the Garden of Religions that underlines all human beings in the world are equal and that there is freedom of belief, which united numerous people with different beliefs from various countries around the world in Anatolia, is one of the centers of civilizations.Antalya’s envious historical ruins, together with it’s amazing natural surroundings reminds you of an open air museum.
The Upper Düden waterfalls with it’s spectacular natural beauty is 14km north of Antalya and attracts people from every corner of the world. The Lower Düden Waterfall cascades to the sea from a height of 40 metres. Kurşunlu Waterfalls, Lara Beach and Konyaaltı Beach are also among other noteworthy attractions of Antalya.Olympos, Bey Mountains National Park and Topcam Beach present impeccable views before your eyes. For those who wish to walk around the natural seauties there are also camping areas on the north end of the park. A bird’s eye view spread out in front of you can be admired from Tünektepe.Antalya is a city that lives 4 seasons at the same time……In the morning you can skiing on the white snow and swim in the beautiful Mediterranean 50 minutes later in the afternoon .Saklıkent, 50 km from Antalya is an ideal and easily reached winter sports centre situated on the northern slopes of the mountains.The Karain cave in Antalya, dating back to the Paleolithic age is the site of the oldest settlement in Turkey. This historical cave has a single entrance that opens to three interconnecting chambers. Some of the findings can be seen at the 12px museum at the entrance of the site, majority of the artifacts are displayed at the Antalya Museum.
Kemer that has been carefully designed accordingly to its nature and history, is the ideal holiday region. Kemer’s fully equiped marina provides the highest standard service for yachters discovering the bays and beaches .One of the most important laps of the World Rally Championships was held in Kemer.The Rally of Turkey, which was broadcasted throughout the world has been a main attraction by motor sports enthusiasts.The holiday villages surrounded by forests have been planned accordingly respecting nature and it’s environ. The three harbours of ancient Phaselis, situated 15km south of Kemer at the foot of Mt Tahtalı was once a major commercial centre.The ruins of the aquaducts, agoras, public baths, theatre, Hadrianus Gate and acropolis display the importance of the city in history. The view from the southern harbour of Tahtalı Mountain and it’s environs is spectacular. Phaselis with it’s quiete bays close to wind, creates the perfect atmosphere for a rest.Tha Olympos Valley shaded by oleander and laurel busshes can be reached both by sea and land.The temple gate, theatre, public baths and agora from ancient times have survived until our day and the city walls and tower are from the middle ages.Yanartaş is situated at a height of 300 metres at the cliffs of Cıralı beach., north of Olympos.According to mythology, it is here were Bellerophon the Lycian Hero, with his winged horse Pegasus fought and killed Kymera the fire-breathing monster .At the west of Olympos, surrounded by citrus trees and gardens is Finike Bay. Finike with it’s sandy beaches to the east is surrounded by fovky coces in the west. The city walls, Lycian tombs and Roman theatre are other monuments worth a visit.Facing one of the most beautiful valleys of Anatolia, Arikanda, has ruins of an agora, theatre, stadium, water system, public baths and tombs scattered in the area.
Myra, now called Demre is 25kms west of Finike and has a very well preserved roman theatre dating from the 4th century BC and also rock tombs overlooking the theatre.Saint Nicholas (Santa Claus) was a bishop in the Mediterranean in the 4th BC. Santa Claus is the most beloved symbol around the world of the 21st century.Myra’s ancient harbour, Andriake situated at the west of Demre has a nice sandy beach for swimming and sunbathing. Throughout the northern coast of Kekova, you will notice the summer houses from the 4th century BC belonging to the city Apollonia, which at times underwater is like a sunken city.Kaleköy Castle is one of the best places for a bird’s eye view of the countless inlets, islands and yachts sailing in the clear blue sea.When travelling west from Kekova, you reach Kaş county which is surrounded by mountains on three sides.In Antiphellos, which is the ancient name of Kaş, there are only the Lycian rock tombs, monumental tombs and theatre to be seen.Paragliding an increasingly popular sport inthe world in recent years, gives you the opportunity to enjoy the indescribable naturel beauties of Kaş from the sky. This sport is practiced in Turtey especially by professional paragliders in the Antlya region.
Perge was an important city of ancient Pamphillia and most of the archeological findings belong to the Roman İmperial period.The statues from Perge, displayed at the Antalya museum indicate the advanced level atelier in sculpture.The Perge statues displayed at the Antalya Museum has becdme one of the richest roman period statue collection in the world.Another very known ancient region in Antalya is Side. Today, being a beautiful coastal village with it’s ruins from the ancient pediods, several shopping centres, and modern accomodation facilities is just to name a few why tourists visit this area.Side’s ancient theatre that was built on columned archs is the largest among other theatres in the region. Other monuments of interest are the agora, Apollen Temple, fountains and necropolis.The largest of the Roman baths now a museum has one of the richest archeological collection in Turkey.One of the most interesting and well known caves in Turkey, with it’s lakes, travertines, rock formations and streams making the region even more exciting is Altınbeşik Cave National park.Alanya, with it’s wide beaches, tourism facilieties and historical monuments is an important holiday centre.Alanya welcomes you with it’s magnificant Seljuk Castle from the 13th century that stands like a crown over the peninsula. The very well preserved castle has double walls and is surrounded by 150 towers.In addition to the impressive castle, a unique shipyard and octagonal Kızıl Kule (Red Tower) with it’s monumental charm are other interesting places to visit.Alanya with it’s modern hotels and motels as well as countless fish restaurants, cafes and bars is an excellent holiday centre. The harbour is surrounded by cafes, bars and boutiques that sell handcrafts, leather, clothing and beautifully colured seashells.Antalya ‘s historical texture going back centuries, natural beauties and Mediterranean magic is strongly expanding with it’s tourism options in becoming the pearl of the mediterranean.
The area is shielded from the northerly winds by the Taurus Mountains. Antalya has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with hot and wet summers and mild and rainy winters. Around 300 days of the year are sunny, with nearly 3,000 hours of sunlight per year. The mean sea temperature ranges between 16 °C in winter and 27 °C in summer. The highest record air temperature reached 45 °C (113 °F) in July which normally averages as high as 34.4 °C and the lowest record dropped to −4 °C in February, when the low average is as low as 6.1 °C